خلاصه : 'Smart infrastructure' and 'smart' systems are currently hot topics under discussion by government, the media and others. 'Smart' meters are about to be rolled out across the UK and 'smart' cars are already on sale. In the future 'smart' technologies and systems will reduce journey-times, remotely monitor the sick, and help in the fight against man-made climate change. 'Smart' appears to be a panacea that will improve society in a multiplicity of ways. However, although there is a universal thread to the way in which 'smart' is used, there is no common definition in
usage. What is 'smart infrastructure'? In October 2011, The Royal Academy of Engineering held a roundtable meeting to investigate the use and meaning of 'smart' and 'smart infrastructure'. This report provides a summary of what was discussed. A working definition of 'smartness' was agreed, applications of smartness that have benefited different industries were identified and discussion held on whether there were principles that could be shared between sectors. Potential barriers to a smarter future were also examined. The sectors specifically discussed at the
meeting were energy, water, land and maritime transport, communications and the built environment.
کلید واژه : infrastructure, Smart, systems, technologies, future.